ABOUT GENETICS ENGINEERING
Genetic engineering also referred to as gene remodeling or biology of gene manipulation is the modification of the human gene by using knowledge of biological technology also known as biotechnology.
Biological technology, biotechnology on the other hand is a broad branch of biological sciences including the science of biochemistry, microbiology zoology, botany, and other branches of biology. It comprises the use of living organisms, plants, and animals to produce an entire product.
Genetic engineering is made up of processes that involve technology used in producing another form of the genetic makeup of the cells
The knowledge of genetic engineering has proved to be of importance in the field of pharmaceutical sciences, medicine, veterinary medicine, and agriculture. Genetic engineering is also useful In the process of creating human diseases and single-celled protein. Genetic engineering also finds a wide application in drug discovery research.
History of genetic engineering based on the principles of genetic remodeling and recombinant DNA was discovered by the United state biochemists Cohen Stanley and Boyer herbert in the year 1973, are the pioneers to ever researched genetic engineering using the bacteria Escherichia Coli. The first successful genetic engineering experiment was transgenesis using the knowledge of biological technology. Transgenesis is the process of genetic engineering that comprises the transfer of genes from one organism to another.
Few of the many pioneer scientists that build the field study of genetic engineering are James Watson, Paul Berg, Herbert Boyer, Jennifer Doudna, Stanley cohen, Craig venter, Daniel Nathans, etc.
Genetic engineering is believed to consist of branches of generic engineering consist of very important there branches very important in the field study of genetic engineering. Some of the branches include:
Chemical genetic engineering
Analytical genetic engineering
Applied genetic engineering.
It is very important to know the meaning of these branches of genetic engineering. Chemical genetic engineering as popularly known or chemical and genetic engineering include some of the biological catalyst known as an enzyme that either inhibit or boost a biochemical reaction and are useful in genetic engineering.
Analytical genetic engineering, is a broad branch under the field of genetic engineering. It comprises the stage which involves creating virtual or artificial genetic material or genes through computer software.
Applied genetic engineering, is a field under genetic engineering which involves practical applications of genetic engineering tools in the manipulation of genes in living organisms making the exact genetic copies of the genes.
A lot of people are in the field of genetic engineering. Also, many students are hoping to take it as a career job. A person can be a genetic engineer if only he study certain courses in universities and colleges.courses include, biochemistry, microbiology, zoology, botany, agronomy, plant and animal science, veterinary medicine, medicine and surgery, food science, home economics and a lot more.
Genetic engineering in a country like Nigeria can’t be studied as an undergraduate programmer, it has to be studied as a postgraduate program for students wishing to further education either fro M.Sc degrees or Ph.D. degree.
A lot of graduates find it difficult to find it very difficult to know their job as a genetic engineer. A genetic engineer can work as,
Medicinal chemist and biochemist
Scientific laboratory technologists
Academic researchers in schools and colleges and a lot more.
Genetic engineers salary is not the same in every country. Genetic engineer salary earns $80,000 on average.
If you are a student planning on studying genetics engineering
I hope this post has helped you make up your mind and I hope you have seen the benefits and all you need to know about genetics engineering